TOP sights of Odessa
The memorial complex "411th Battery"
Here you will see a huge artillery gun mounted in a special reinforced concrete nest on the elevated coast of the Black Sea. And also: the submarine "Baby"; minesweeper; the NI tank (“for fear”), as well as an armored train, a military tram (pushing a platform with a gun in front of it) and a large collection of other military equipment. The Odessa Defense Museum is also located here.
Sights of Odessa in a historical context
Odessa - the largest city and center of the region - is located on the Black Sea. This territory has been inhabited since the appearance of Greek settlements (VI century BC) in the Northern Black Sea region. In the XIV century. The port of Kachibey appeared on the coast, and when the Turks captured it, the construction of the Yeni-Dunya fortress (New World) began here.
1789 p., During the next Russo-Turkish war, Russian troops captured the fortress and settlement. After the Iasi Peace Agreement (1791), by decree of Empress Catherine II (1794), a new city began to rebuild. For a year it was called Odessa, which comes from the ancient Greek settlement of Odessa, on the banks of the Tiligul estuary. Vice-Admiral I. Deribas led the development of the city, to whom grateful descendants erected a monument (1994), two centuries still respectfully keeping his name in the name of the main street.
The development of Odessa accelerated after the appointment of the new mayor of the Duke A. de Richelieu. In the then Europe there was no city, it would have developed so rapidly, and it was his mayor who set this pace. Odessa soon became the main port of the Russian Empire on the Black Sea. One of the first buildings of the city was the palace of the Polish-largest Potocki family (now an art museum, 1810).
1817-1859 pp. Odessa had the right to port-free, that is, it was a kind of free economic zone of the XIX century. Where duty-free sale and storage of foreign goods were allowed. In these times, on a high coastal hill above the sea, an architectural business card of Odessa appeared - the ensemble of constructions of Primorsky Boulevard (1820-1840).
On the sides, a short boulevard stretched along the coast is crowned with the constructions of the governor's Vorontsov Palace (1829) and the first Odessa Exchange (1834, now the city council), before which a monument to A. Pushkin (1888) later appeared. From the side of the city, the boulevard is surrounded by a dense row of houses facing the sea, including the Londonskaya hotel (1828) and the palace of Princess Naryshkina (1830, now the Palace of Culture of Sailors).
In the center of Primorsky Boulevard, the houses are interrupted by a semicircular square, the space of which is formed by buildings of public places (1830) and the Petersburg Hotel (1833). Here is a monument to A. de Richelieu (1828) with the absolutely correct inscription - he directed in 1805-1814 pp. Novorossiysk region and compiled the foundations of the welfare of Odessa. From the monument to the mayor to the sea, 192 steps of the grandiose Potemkin Stairs (1841) fan out. At their foot are the buildings of the Marine Station (1967), which was substantially renewed by the 200th anniversary of the city, when the building of the Odessa Hotel was radically and laconicly embedded in the composition of the complex.
On the Seaside Boulevard, city blocks begin, the path to which, as on an honor guard, is guarded by two beautiful houses of the former English Club (1842, now the Museum of the Ukrainian Navy) and the Archaeological Museum (1883). A little further away are the buildings of the famous Odessa Opera House (1887), the monumental respectful city library (1906), the Passage (1899) with a significant-loud trade passage and many other architectural city sights.
The streets of Pushkinskaya and Deribasovskaya, the districts of Moldavanka and Arcadia - this is exactly Odessa, which its inhabitants have glorified the whole world. Here is a special spirit, >
Interesting places in Odessa
Today, the city has enough restaurants, nightclubs and hotels of the European level.
- Wild Z - a beer bar with live music in the center of Odessa
- Schid - a Chinese cafe in the very center of Odessa
- Buffalo 99 - a popular restaurant in Odessa
- Prana - Vegetarian Cafe in Odessa
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