The easternmost region of Ukraine on the border with the Russian Federation was formed in 1938.
Sights of the Luhansk region
Attractions in the districts of Lugansk region
The cult architectural heritage of the region, which was rapidly developing as an industrial one, is a number of rural and manor temples scattered throughout the territory of the Luhansk region. Among the first - the Nikolaev church built in the style of classicism (1787) at the mouth of the river in Old Aydar and built in the village of Osinovo on the hillside of the wide terrace of Aydar, the Assumption Church (1802, preserved paintings of the 19th century), which is an extremely vivid embodiment of the architectural transition from Baroque style to classicism. Manor houses of worship were preserved on the estate in the city of Aleksandrovsk - Ascension Church (1772) and in the village of Veselaya Gora - Bogoroditskaya Church (1824).
The Lugansk Nature Reserve in its present state was formed in 1975. Its branches - Streltsovskaya and Luganskaya Steppe - are the standards of typical East European herb-fescue-feather grass steppes, and the third - the Stanichno-Lugansk branch (or Pridonetskaya floodplain) - floodplain ecosystems of the left-bank part of the Seversky Donets valley. The reserve is engaged in the conservation of typical and relict animals of the region and their habitat.
Streltsovskaya Steppe is a small site (area 4.94 km 2 ) of the once significant Starobelsk steppes, occupying more than 400 km 2 . Since 1805, these were the lands of the local stud farm, in 1936 they became a local wildlife sanctuary, and after the war - a state nature reserve. Streltsovskaya Steppe is a specialized reserve for the protection of the European groundhog.
The Stanichno-Lugansk branch (or Pridonetskaya floodplain) occupies sections of the floodplain and pine forest terrace (area 4.94 km 2 ) on the left bank of the Seversky Donets River. Here, the broad channel (up to hundreds of meters) of the Seversky Donets forms a sharp turn, enveloping the high slopes of the Donbass dislocations. The landscape is the highlight of the department is a harmonious combination of deciduous forests with picturesque meadow glades, quiet backwaters of old women and the smooth surface of lakes.
The Lugansk Steppe branch is located in the east of the region in the most elevated part of the Donetsk Ridge. Its territory with a total area of 4.16 km 2 from 1846 belonged to the Provalsky stud farm, and in the postwar years to the local state farm. The diverse topography and heterogeneous composition of parent rocks determined the variegation of the vegetation cover of these sites, due to which the Lugansk Steppe differs from other steppe reserves of Ukraine by the greatest floristic diversity.
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